Srirangapatnam or Srirangapattana is a small town, its monuments and forts silently telling the historic saga of Mysore and various dynasties of the past. Its name was derived from the Ranganatha Temple, a famous centre of Hindu pilgrimage. The Ranganatha Swamy temple represents a mixture of Hoysala and Vijayanagar styles of architecture. With a majestic tower, it is one of the biggest temples in the State. The temple was built over 1,000 years ago. The Vijayanagara king extended it in 1454 A.D. This was the base from where Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan, who usurped power from the Mysore Maharajas, fought the British. This place was the capital of Hyder Ali. The historic town is a mute witness to the days of Chivalry and valour enacted there. As it still bears testimony to a tumultuous history, Srirangapatnam retains touching traces of both glory and misery, in its Fort, Gumbaz, Dungeon, Jumma Masjid, and Daria Daulat.